Localized specification and forecasts of the impacts of geomagnetic storms at ground level.
Critical customers, such as electric power companies, have requested specific improvements in space weather forecasts, such as regional specification and forecasts of the impact of geomagnetic storms (currently only the global index of the strength of the storm is provided). Research is underway, in partnership with the USGS and NASA, to gather regional information from a network of ground observations and develop maps of the impact of geomagnetic storms. Forecasting these regional impacts requires the introduction of a new Geospace model into operations. R&D activities are underway in collaboration with NASA to evaluate and test models from the research community for transition into operations.
- Develop and test the DSCOVR spacecraft and ground data processing system to insure continuity of solar wind observations that drive Geospace models D
- Develop regional and local specification of the geomagnetic conditions relevant to the National electric power grid R
- Identify the best Geospace model for forecasting local geomagnetic storm conditions and begun the transition of this model into operations R