Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Key Questions

Objective 1

Exploit emerging data types and observing capabilities to satisfy NOAA’s observing requirements and to support new and improved applications, products, and services.

NOAA seeks better ways to address its observing requirements, as well as technologies and methodologies that permit the measurement of previously unmeasured or unmeasurable requirements. NOAA needs full exploitation of its observations for mission-oriented applications to maximize the return on its observing system investments, extracting value by applying the observation data to the Nation’s benefit. This objective aims to more fully leverage regional observing system data from the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (U.S. IOOS) and the broader international Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS), e.g., the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), the Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS), and the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW). The R&D to achieve this exploitation is comprised of prototyping and demonstrating new/improved observational data products and applications, including fusing satellite, other remotely sensed observations, in situ observations, and model-based analyses to generate the best possible depictions of the state of the oceans, atmosphere, climate, and marine ecosystems.

R&D Targets:

  • Demonstrate and transition to applications/operations NOAA’s next-generation operational satellite data streams
  • Operationalize NOAA’s first satellite ocean color capability (JPSS-1)

  • Operationalize the new polar-orbiting day-night band (JPSS-1)

  • Exploit international components of the Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS) for operational use, notably focusing on unique and complementary observations, such as satellite observations of sea-surface height, sea-surface salinity, sea and lake ice extent and thickness, high-resolution sea surface winds (including ocean surface vector winds), oil spill extent and thickness, and sea-surface swell waves

  • Automate sea-ice and snow cover data collection

  • Complete a conceptual design of an extended range version of the FSV-40 Oscar Dyson class ship ships

  • Transition unmanned airborne systems (UAS) and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) into NOAA’s operational observing system